Wherever possible, I have included hyperlinks to period documents and archives so that you can explore the material yourself! If the period book or document is not in the public domain, then a link to amazon.com is provided.
Center for American History, University of Texas, Austin, TX
Galveston and Texas History Center, Rosenberg Library, Galveston, TX
- F. E. McCoy Papers
- JOLO Observatory Record Book
- See my blog post about the Galveston and Texas History Center here
- See my blog post about the JOLO Logbook here
Library of Congress, Washington, DC
- Slave Narrative Project
- The Texas Slave Narratives can be found here
- For the book, I used the narrative of Philles Thomas here
Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis, MO
- Civil War Manuscripts (PDF)
National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC
- Most of the documents from the National Archives were retrieved using the Fold3 subscription service (here)
Nimitz Library, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland
Pearce Civil War Collection, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas
- Ariel I. Cummings Papers
- John Johnson Papers
- William B. Renshaw Papers
- See my blog post about the Pearce Museum here
Texas General Land Office, Austin, TX
Texas State Library and Archives Commission, Archives and Information Services Division, Austin, TX
- Records of the Adjutant General
- Records of Governor Edward Clark
- Records of Governor Francis R. Lubbock
- Visit the TSLAC's EXCELLENT online exhibit (here): "Under the Rebel Flag: Life in Texas During the Civil War"
University of Notre Dame Archives, Notre Dame, IN
- Archdiocese of New Orleans Collection
- The letters from this collection used in the book were written to New Orleans Archbishop Jean Marie Odin; Bishop Odin was previously (until 1861) the bishop of Galveston. He had many friends in Galveston and they kept up correspondence with him during the war. I would encourage you to visit the UND Archives Calendar (here). Many Civil War treasures can be found in the 1861-65 summaries. You can see my blog post about Bishop Odin and the UND Calendar here.
Ursuline Sisters Archives Office, St. Louis, MO (you can see my blog post about the Ursuline sisters here).
Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, TX
- Alexander Hobbs Diary (includes page images of the actual diary here)
- See my blog post about the digitized material available at Woodson Research Center here
- Daily Constitutionalist Augusta (GA)
- Freeborn County (Albert Lea, MN) Standard
- Galveston (TX) Civilian and Gazette Weekly
- Galveston (TX) Daily News
- Galveston (TX) Tri-Weekly News
- Galveston (TX) Weekly News
- New York Times
- Note that most of my newspaper research was done through a subscription to NewspaperArchive
- An Act for the Sequestration of the Property of Alien Enemies. Richmond, VA: Tyler, Wise, Allegre and Smith, 1861.
- Allan, Francis D. Allan’s Lone Star Ballads: A Collection of Southern Patriotic Songs Made During Confederate Times. Galveston, TX: J. D. Sawyer, 1874.
- Barr, Amelia E. H. All the Days of My Life. New York: D. Appleton, 1913.
- Beasley, Ellen Beasley and Stephen Fox. Galveston Architecture Guidebook. Galveston: Galveston Historical Foundation, 1996.
- Bell, Andrew M. Mosquito Soldiers: Malaria, Yellow Fever, and the Course of the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.
- Bosson, Charles P. History of the Forty-Second Regiment, Infantry, Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862, 1863, 1864. Boston: Mills, Knight, & Co., 1886.
- Brightly, Frederick C. An Analytical Digest of the Laws of the United States. Philadelphia: Kay and Brother, 1869.
- British and Foreign State Papers, 1851-1852, Vol. XLL, London: William Ridgway, 1864.
- Campbell, Randolph B. An Empire for Slavery: The Peculiar Institution in Texas, 1821-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.
- Cartwright, Gary. Galveston: A History of the Island. New York: MacMillan, 1998.
- A Declaration of Causes Which Impel the State of Texas to Secede from the Federal Union, (n.p.), February 2, 1861.
- Cotham, Edward T. Battle on the Bay: The Civil War Struggle for Galveston. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1998.
- Cotham, Edward T. The Southern Journey of a Civil War Marine. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.
- Davis, Jefferson. The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, 2 vols. (Vol. 1) (Vol. 2) New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1912.
- Dowell, Greensville S. Yellow Fever and Malarial Diseases: Embracing a History of the Epidemics of Yellow Fever in Texas. Philadelphia: Medical Publications, 1876.
- Fornell, Earl W. The Galveston Era: The Texas Crescent on the Eve of Secession. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1961.
- Franklin, Robert M. Franklin, Battle of Galveston, January 1st, 1863, pamphlet of speech given by Franklin to United Confederate Veterans, April 2, 1911, Galveston, TX, n.p., n.d.
- Frazier, Donald S. Cottonclads! The Battle of Galveston and the Defense of the Texas Coast. Abilene, TX: McWhiney Foundation Press, 1998.
- Fremantle, Arthur Three Months in the Southern States: April-June 1863. New York: John Bradburn, 1864.
- Fuller, B. F. History of Texas Baptists. Louisville, KY: Baptist Book Concern, 1900.
- Gregory, Peggy H. (comp.). Record of Interments of the City of Galveston, 1859-1872. Houston: privately printed, 1976.
- Hardwick, Susan W. Mythic Galveston: Reinventing America’s Third Coast. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
- Harell, Carolyn L. When the Bells Tolled for Lincoln: Southern Reaction to the Assassination. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1997.
- Hayes, Charles W. History of the Island and the City of Galveston, 2 vol., Austin, TX: Jenkins Garrett Press, 1974.
- Humphrey, David C. Peg Leg: The Improbable Life of a Texas Hero, Thomas William Ward, 1807-1872. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2004.
- Jacob, Kathryn A. Testament to Union: Civil War Monuments in Washington, D.C. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
- Kenneth W. Howell (ed.) The Seventh Star of the Confederacy: Texas during the Civil War. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 2009.
- Lubbock, Francis R. Six Decades in Texas: Or Memoirs of Francis Richard Lubbock, Governor of Texas in War Time, 1861-63, A Personal Experience in Business, War, and Politics. Austin: Ben C. Jones, 1900.
- Marten, James. Texas Divided: Loyalty and Dissent in the Lone Star State, 1856-1874. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1990.
- McCaslin, Richard B. Tainted Breeze: The Great Hanging at Gainesville, Texas 1862 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994)
- McComb, David G. Galveston: A History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.
- Moretta, John A. William Pitt Ballinger: Texas Lawyer, Southern Statesman, 1825-1888. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 2000.
- Nagle, P. G. Galveston. New York: Forge, 2002.
- Noel, Theophilus. Autobiography and Reminiscenses of Theophilus Noel. Chicago: Theo. Noel Company, 1904.
- Noel, Theophilus. A Campaign from Santa Fe to the Mississippi. Shreveport, LA: Shreveport News, 1865.
- North, Thomas. Five Years in Texas: Or, What You Did Not Hear During the War from January 1861 to January 1866. Cincinnati: Elm Street Printing, 1871.
- Obadele-Starks, Ernest. Freebooters and Smugglers: The Foreign Slave Trade in the United States after 1808. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2007.
- Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion 31 vols. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1899-1908.
- Porter, David D. Incidents and Anecdotes of the Civil War. New York, D. Appleton, 1885.
- Report on Epidemic Cholera and Yellow Fever in the Army of the United States, During the Year 1867. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1868.
- Sands, Benjamin F. From Reefer to Rear-Admiral: Reminiscences and Journal Jottings of Nearly Half a Century of Naval Life. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1899.
- Semmes, Raphael. Memoirs of Service Afloat During the War Between the States. Baltimore: Kelly, Piet & Co., 1869.
- Smith, Ashbel. Yellow Fever in Galveston, Republic of Texas, 1839: An Account of the Great Epidemic. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1951.
- Smith, Ralph J. Reminisences of Civil War. Waco, TX: W. M. Morrison, 1911.
- Taylor, Thomas E. Running the Blockade: A Personal Narrative of Adventures, Risks, and Escapes During the American Civil War. London: John Murray, 1896.
- Thompson, Robert M. and Richard Wainwright (eds.). Confidential Correspondence of Gusatvus Vasa Fox (Vol. 1) (Vol. 2). New York: De Vinne Press, 1918.
- The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 128 vol. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.
- Watson, William. The Adventures of a Blockade Runner: Or, Trade in Time of War . New York: MacMillan, 1893.
- Welles, Gideon. Diary of Gideon Welles: Secretary of the Navy Under Lincoln and Johnson, 3 vols. (Vol. 1) (Vol. 2) (Vol. 3) Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.
- Winkler, Ernest W. (ed.). Journal of the Secession Convention of Texas. Austin: Austin Printing Co., 1912.
- Wise, Stephen R. Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.
- Borgen, Amy and Gearhart, Robert. “USS Westfield: The Loss and Rediscovery of a Civil War Ferry-Gunboat in Galveston Bay,” Current Archaeology in Texas, Vol. 12, No. 2, Nov. 2010, 1-8.
- Buenger, Walter L. “Secession and the Texas German Community: Editor Lindheimer vs. Editor Flake,” Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 82, No. 4, April 1979, 379-402.
- Cotham, Edward T. “The Battle of Galveston,” North & South, Vol. 9, No. 6, Dec. 2006, 20-31.
- Dirck, Brian R. “Posterity’s Blush: Civil Liberties, Property Rights, and Property Confiscation in the Confederacy,” Civil War History, Vol. 48, No. 3, September 2002, 237-56.
- “Duties of the Army Surgeon – Females Not Suitable For Nurses,” American Medical Times, July 13, 1861, 30.
- “Early Life in the Southwest – The Bowies,” DeBow’s Review, Vol. XIII, October 1852, 378-83.
- Haaga, Lynette “Lynette’s Haunt: Ghost Hunting on the East End,” Neighborhood News (Galveston, TX: East End Historical District Association) Vol. 35, No. 8, August 2008, 5.
- Kulhanek, Paulette. “Sisters of the Island,” The Texas Historian, September 1973,2-9.
- Lardas, Mark N. “Galveston Battle Wreck Yields IX-inch Dahlgren Shell Gun,” Civil War News, Feb/Mar 2010.
- McGowen, Stanley S. “Battle or Massacre: The Incident on the Nueces, August 10, 1862," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 104, No. 1, July 2000, 65-90.
- Reagan, John H. “A Conversation with Governor Houston,” The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 1900, 279-81.
- Rozek, Barbara J. “Galveston Slavery,” The Houston Review, Vol. XV, No. 2, 1993, 67-101.
- Robbins, Fred. “The Origins and Development of the African Slave Trade in Galveston, Texas, and Surrounding Areas from 1816 to 1836,” East Texas Historical Journal, Vol. IX, No. 2, October 1971, 153-61.
- Shelton, Robert S. “Slavery in a Texas Seaport: The Peculiar Institution in Galveston,” Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 28, No. 2, August 2007, 155-68.
- Smith, Rebecca W. and Marion Mullins (eds.). “The Diary of H. C. Medford, Confederate Soldier, 1864,” (Part I) (Part II) SWHQ, Vol. 34, October 1930, 106-40.
- Williams, Edward B. “A ‘Spirited Account’ of the Battle of Galveston, January 1, 1863,” Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 99, No. 2, October 1995, 200-15.
- Winfrey, Dorman H. Winfrey (ed.). “Two Battle of Galveston Letters,” Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 65, October 1961, 251-57.
- Ogden, August R. “A Blockaded Seaport: Galveston, Texas, C.S.A.,” M. A. Thesis, San Antonio: St. Mary’s University, YEAR.